Clarendon Jamaica is the island"s 3rd largest parish v an area of approximately 1,196 square km. The is situated in the ar of Middlesex through May Pen as its capital City. It boasts a population of roughly 237,024 together at 2001.
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The parish is located at the southern side the Jamaica, around halfway in between the eastern and also western end of the island. it is stated to be bordered top top the phibìc by St. Ann, on the west through Manchester, on the eastern by St. Catherine and also on the southern by the Caribbean Sea.
History of Clarendon
The Tainos lived on the Portland Ridge (the part of the parish that is simply out into the sea), ~ above the Braziletto Mountain and on round Hill, at the western end of the plain.
There was likewise a Taino town on the financial institutions of the Rio Minho River near the Parnassus Estate, with other villages top top the banks of the Milk River.
A far-reaching number of Spaniards settled in this parish and in their treks native the north (from Sevilla Nueva in St. Ann), come Esquivel in the south, they opened a trail throughout the island, component of i beg your pardon ran v Clarendon. The Spaniards named the southerly grassland plains “savannahs”. They imported pigs, horses and cattle and placed castle on these grasslands. Often, because the soil was no fenced, the horses and also pigs strayed right into the woods, roaming totally free and wild. At the moment of the Spanish occupation, the northern and also southern parts of the level were recognized by their original Taino surname – Guatibacoa and also Yama. There to be three cattle ranches, dubbed hatos, top top the Clarendon savannahs. These were the hato the Banducu, near Parnassus; the hato the Buena Vista, whereby Halse Hall now stands, and also the hato that Santiago, now the St. Jago Estate.Clarendon Jamaica was named by the brothers in honour of lord Clarendon, the celebrated Chancellor of England. The southern part of the parish, Vere, was called after the daughter of teacher Edward Herbert, Attorney basic to Charles I.
Continuing with the background - In 1662, there were roughly 500 human being living in the parish that Clarendon. The English cleared up there after 1655 and also began planting cotton and also indigo on the abundant plains. In later on years, sugar cane take it over as the major crop and large plantations soon engulfed the productive plains the the parish. The hilly ar of this parish was an initial developed by English inhabitants who established sugar manors along the Minho Valley. Countless places along this valley still be afflicted with the names of initial settlers e.g. Suttons, Pennants and Ballards. Henry Morgan, the well known Buccaneer, once owned Morgan’s Valley and also Danks.One of the earliest servant rebellions in Jamaica occurred in Clarendon, in ~ Suttons Plantation, in 1690. The runaways from the plantation join the Spanish-speaking free Africans in the north of the parish and the entirety group came to be called “Maroons”. In time, these Maroons were propelled out the Clarendon and, led through Kojo, the child of the leader of the Suttons uprising, lock eventually cleared up in the Cockpit Country.After emancipation upper Clarendon ended up being an area of substantial peasant settlement and also the extensions of the railway from may Pen to Chapelton greatly assisted in the advancement of these areas.
Historic Sites, Building and Monuments In Clarendon Jamaica
There room a many of historic sites and also other monuments situated in the parish of Clarendon. Listed below are just a handful of this substantial list...
1. Halse Hall great House
One the Jamaica’s historic houses, this architectural masterpiece is now owned by the Alcoa minerals Bauxite Company. The lands on i beg your pardon the residence stands were provided to an English officer, major Thomas Halse, in 1655, and also were passed native him to Francis Sadler Halse who played a leading function in the Maroon Wars.
The most well known owner that the house was Henry de la Beche a geologist who contributed to the advancement of geology in Jamaica and also who wrote the first, Geology of Jamaica. An additional famous occupant of this home was doctor and botanist, teacher Hans Sloane.
2. Portland allude Lighthouse
Situated on the summit of Portland Ridge, the tower the this lighthouse is an open up framed steel framework - 132 feet (40.23m) high. The beacon light is a revolving white irradiate which gives off two flashes, in rapid succession, every 15 seconds.
3. St. Paul’s Parish Church – Chapelton
When the current parish the Clarendon was divided into the parishes the Clarendon and Vere, the overcome Church to be then the parish church the Clarendon. St. Paul’s was constructed as a Chapel of lull to the cross Church, and also was the very first place the worship put up in upper Clarendon.
Originally well-known as the “The Chapel” the village around it take it its surname from the church and became known as Chapel Town. In the food of time it to be shortened to its present kind – Chapelton.
Political divisions In Clarendon
There are 5 political constituencies with five Members the Parliament, one for each constituency.These are as follows:-North WesternNorthernNorth CentralSouth WesternSouth Eastern
Rainfall in Clarendon
Clarendon documents the lowest yearly rainfall of any kind of parish, registering on mean 1126mm every annum.For many months that the year, very little rain falls on the plains in Clarendon, and also without watering the plants would not thrive.
Some Famous human being From Clarendon Jamaica
Clarendon has developed some great Jamaican personalities including musicians, politicians, actors and actresses and track stars, simply to name a few.
Here is a perform of simply SOME of the famous human being that to be born in Clarendon Jamaica...Omar Davies - previous Minister that Finance and also PlanningFae Ellington - Actress, media personality, lecturerBarrington Levy - Singer/MusicianFrederick Toots Hibbert - SingerGlen Johnson - Champion BoxerClaude McKay - Internationally commemorated poet and also novelistSuper Cat - Dancehall ArtisteFreddie McGregor - Musician/Reggae ArtisteCalvin George Scott (Famously known as COCOA TEA) - Musician/Reggae Artiste
Sports in Clarendon
Vere technical High school (track factory) has developed high course female athletes both in ~ the local and also international levels.
The college was attend by Merlene Ottey, Jamaica and also the Caribbean’s an initial female Olympic medalist and also Deon Hemmings, Jamaica’s an initial female Olympic yellow medalist.So following time you take it a visit come Clarendon Jamaica, be certain to remember its rich history and the good Jamaicans the hails indigenous there.
Sources:Jamaica info Service, Clarendon. Kingston: Jamaica information Service, (Parish Profiles), 1991.Map of Jamaica, 1895Senior, Olive, Encyclopedia the Jamaican Heritage. St. Andrew, Jamaica: twin Guinep Publishers Ltd., 2003
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