When girlfriend are faced with starting a study paper, the most important part of researching and beginning to write is ORGANIZING the information and your thoughts. If you space not organized, it will certainly take considerably much more time to write the paper. To do it basic on yourself, you can use an index card device as you gather information. V this method, you categorize the details you find by topic. Because that each topic, you could have any number of cards indigenous several different sources. Later, as you create your paper, each map topic becomes a body paragraph (supporting idea) in her paper.

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As you find interesting facts around your topic during your research, you should write lock down. Every sentence or idea the you find should it is in paraphrased (summarized in your very own words), and written on a card. In order to keep your principles in order, and also to remember where you found the ideas, there space four items the you should incorporate on the table of contents card, together you will check out below.

Here is a sample card:


The card topic is the title for the sort of information on the card. The card topic is a name that you consist of yourself. Think of it as the title, or main idea of the card. After composing down the information, figure out exactly how you can briefly categorize, or location it. For example, if you space writing a file on the life and also works the the poet, Langston Hughes, girlfriend may have actually cards v topics together as: Hughes" upbringing Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance Hughes" impacts Hughes" poetry Hughes" political beliefs Hughes" affect on AmericaAlthough it may seem tedious to provide each note card a topic name, it serves two purposes: It keeps you focused in her research. You will certainly be less likely to write down unnecessary info (facts that space not concerned your topic) if you are careful to create down the topic because that every card. It is necessary to have actually these topics when you begin organizing your research.

The source title is the name of the book, magazine, website, etc., in i beg your pardon you found the information. In the previous example, the source was given a number, rather of creating out the entire title. You could write out the location on every card, or just list your sources on a separate sheet of paper, prefer the instance here. Number your resources on this list, and then usage the numbers on the keep in mind cards come specify i beg your pardon source listed which fact.

Sample resource List

This is not a complete works cited, bibliography, or referral page. You will require to add the publishing information and use the exactly citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, etc.) because that the formal functions cited page. Item number 3 is the paraphrased details that you found. That is useful to paraphrase, or summarize, your study on the index cards while you space taking notes. If you are continual in paraphrasing at this stage, climate you will certainly be particular not come accidentally plagiarize who else"s work. Girlfriend will additionally have less work to do as soon as you space actually composing the paper. The picture of a notecard through a mark on page. It is essential to be accurate with the page numbers top top your note cards, as you will need them for citations throughout your research paper. Be sure you know which kind of citation your teacher requires. (For details on citing your sources, look in ~ English Works! handouts on MLA, APA, and also Chicago/Turabian format citations).



Once you have written the info down top top the keep in mind cards, you only should go earlier and organize her cards by topic. Team together every the cards that have the exact same topic (i.e. Every the cards titled: "Hughes" Poetry" have to be together). As soon as you finish, you should have your cards in piles, one topic every pile. You have the right to have any number of piles and also any variety of cards in each pile. The length and also detail that your paper will recognize how plenty of piles and cards you have.

Your piles might look like:


Make an Outline and also Start Writing

Once you have actually separated your cards into piles, every topic pile should become a body i in her paper. The is the crucial to this system. If every topic straight supports your thesis statement, then each topic pile should become a supporting idea, human body paragraph, or component of a i in your paper.

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But before you actually start writing, you should make an summary of the order you want to present these subject in your paper. (For help making an outline, check out the English Works web page ~ above Pre-writing and also Outlines). When the synopsis is complete, usage your note cards as guides and also begin writing. For further assist on composing a research paper, refer to the English Works! net page procedure of law a research Paper, guide to emerging Thesis Statements, and/or guide to composing Introductions and Conclusions.