## What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, one of the four straightforward operations of arithmetic, offers the result of combining groups of equal sizes.

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Here each group has 3 ice creams, and there space two together groups. So, there are 2 time 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice cream creams in total. In various other words, multiplication is repeated addition.

Multiplication is stood for by the indicators cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or period ‘·’. Once we multiply two numbers, the price we gain is referred to as ‘product’. The number of objects in each group is referred to as ‘multiplicand,’ and the variety of such equal teams is referred to as ‘multiplier’.

**For example:**

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30

In the offered image, 4 flowers have 8 petals each. To uncover the total number of petals, we can multiply the variety of flowers through the variety of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. That is, there room 32 petals in all.

## Multiplication using number line

Representing a multiplication declare on a number line can be excellent by taking jumps the multiplier variety of times, the size indistinguishable to the multiplicand indigenous zero.

**For example**:

4 × 2 = 8

**Properties the multiplication**

Commutative Property: once we multiply two numbers, the order doesn’t matter. For numbers a and b, a × b = b × a.

**Associative Property**: because that numbers a, b, and also c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

**Distributive Property**: for numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts: If us multiply a number by 1, the product remains the very same number. 1 is the identity element under multiplication.If we multiply a number by 0, the product is zero. |