The study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on earth.

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Absolute LocationThe exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such as a city, is found.
Relative LocationDescribes a place in comparison to other places around it.
HemisphereDescribes half of a globe or the earth: north and south or east and west.
EquatorThe imaginary line that divided the earth into north and south halves.
Prime meridianThe imaginary line dividing the earth east and west. Sometimes called the Greenwich meridian kine because the line runs through Greenwich England.
LatitudeThe imaginary lines what run parallel to the equator.
LongitudeThe imaginary lines that go around the earth and over the poles.
PlaceThe physical features and cultural characteristics of a location.
RegionAn area of the earth's surface with similar characteristics (physical, political, economic, or cultural).
Formal regionAn area characterized by a specific climate, vegetation, land use and possible population.
Functional RegionAn area characterized by a set of interactions and connections between places: A hub (central place) and the links to that hub.
Perceptual RegionsA region in which people perceive, or see, the characteristics of the region in the same way
Human-Environment InteractionHow people use and change their environment to serve their needs.
MovementThe ways in which people, goods, and ideas go from plave to place.
Linear distanceHow far across the earth a person, an idea, or a product travels.
Time distanceThe amount of time it takes for a person, an idea, or a product to travel.
Psychological distanceThe way in which people view distance.
GlobeA three-dimensional representation of the earth.
MapA two-dimensional graphic representation of selected parts of the earth's surface.
CarotgrapherA mapmaker
Map projectionA way of drawing the earth's surface that reduces distortion caused by presenting a round earth on flat paper.
Topographic mapA representation of natural and man-made features on the earth
Thematic mapA map that emphasizes specific kinds of information: climate, population density, rainfall, etc.).
navigation mapsUsed in maritime navigation.
LandsatA series of satellites in orbit that provide geographic data.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)A database that stores information about the world, allowing geographers to look at the world in a number of specific ways.
Global Positioning System (GPS)A series of 24 satellites (Navstars) which allows persons with receivers to know their exact location on the earth.
Physical mapShows the types of landforms and bodies of water found in a specific area.
Political mapShows the features on the earth's surface that humans have created.
Qualitative mapA map that uses colors, symbols, dots, or lines to show patterns related to a specific area.

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CartogramsUsed by geographers to present information about a country based on a set of data other than land area. The size of the country is determined by the proportion of that data rather than to its land size.