A biology is a huge community of vegetation and wildlife adjusted to a particular climate.
You are watching: What effect does the terrain of a biome have on its climate and weather
Large Saguaro cacti (Carnegiea gigantea) pop up in various spots roughly a barren desert in Arizona, joined States.
Photograph by cutting board Roche
A biology is a big area defined by that vegetation, soil, climate, and wildlife. There space five significant types the biomes: aquatic, grassland, forest, desert, and also tundra, though some of these biomes can be further split into much more specific categories, such as freshwater, marine, savanna, dry rainforest, pleasant rainforest, and also taiga.
Aquatic biomes include both freshwater and marine biomes. Freshwater biomes are bodies the water surrounding by land—such together ponds, rivers, and lakes—that have a salt contents of less than one percent. Marine biomes covering close come three-quarters of Earth’s surface. Naval biomes include the ocean, coral reefs, and also estuaries.
Grasslands are open up regions the are dominated by grass and have a warm, dried climate. There space two types of grasslands: tropical grasslands (sometimes dubbed savannas) and temperate grasslands. Savannas are uncovered closer come the equator and also can have actually a few scattered trees. Lock cover almost half of the continent the Africa, as well as areas the Australia, India, and South America. Pleasant grasslands are discovered further away from the equator, in south Africa, Hungary, Argentina, Uruguay, north America, and also Russia. They perform not have any kind of trees or shrubs, and receive much less precipitation than savannas. Prairies and also steppes room two species of pleasant grasslands; prairies are identified as having taller grasses, if steppes have shorter grasses.
Forests are conquered by trees, and cover about one-third the the Earth. Forests contain much of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity, including insects, birds, and also mammals. The three major forest biomes are temperate forests, tropical forests, and boreal forests (also known as the taiga). This forest types occur at various latitudes, and also therefore experience various climatic conditions. Tropical woodlands are warm, humid, and found close come the equator. Temperate forests are discovered at higher latitudes and also experience all four seasons. Boreal woodlands are discovered at even higher latitudes, and have the coldest and also driest climate, where precipitation occurs primarily in the type of snow.
Deserts space dry locations where rainfall is less than 50 centimeters (20 inches) every year. Castle cover approximately 20 percent of Earth’s surface. Deserts deserve to be either cold or hot, although most of castle are found in subtropical areas. Due to the fact that of their extreme conditions, there is not as much biodiversity uncovered in deserts as in various other biomes. Any type of vegetation and wildlife living in a desert must have actually special adaptations for enduring in a dry environment. Desert wildlife is composed primarily that reptiles and little mammals. Deserts can autumn into 4 categories follow to their geographic location or climatic conditions: hot and also dry, semiarid, coastal, and cold.
See more: Which American Sport Is Not Also A Popular Sport In Colombia? ?
A tundra has very inhospitable conditions, with the shortest measured temperature of any type of of the five significant biomes with average yearly temperatures varying from -34 to 12 levels Celsius (-29 to 54 levels Fahrenheit). They additionally have a short amount the precipitation, just 15–25 centimeters (six come ten inches) per year, and also poor quality soil nutrients and also short summers. There space two species of tundra: arctic and alpine. The tundra walk not have actually much biodiversity and vegetation is simple, including shrubs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. This is partly as result of a frozen great under the soil surface, referred to as permafrost. The arctic tundra is discovered north the boreal forests and the alpine tundra is found on hills where the altitude is too high because that trees come survive. Any wildlife inhabiting the tundra have to be adjusted to the extreme conditions to survive.