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Mr. Giotto"s digital Textbook » ancient Rome » The beginnings of Rome - Rome under the Monarchy

The starts of Rome - Rome under the Monarchy

The city that Rome is situated in the Latium level along the banks of the Tiber Riveron the Italian Peninsula, which is simply west that the Greek Peninsula. Together you may have actually noticed, as the institution year move on we space learning around cultures, one after another, that relocate us furthermore west roughly the world: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and now Rome.


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Faustalus, the sort shepard, find Romulus and also Remus and brings castle home, wherein he and also his mam raise them together their own. The boys were initially cared because that by a she-wolf, after having actually been abandoned, come die,in the Tiber River.

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The Legendary establishing of Rome

Rome began as a small farming village, yet it would thrive into a big ancient city that is still energetic today. There is a legend about the establishing of Rome the goes back to the Trojan War. As you remember, the Greeks defeated the Trojans by making use of the cheat of the wooden horse. Trojan was razed, however Aeneas, the hero of Troy, escaped with some of the wealth of Troy and a group of refugees. Aeneas and the refugees wandered the Mediterranean, till they finally worked out in central Italy, below Aeneas married the princess of one Italian king. Together time passed, Romulus and also Remus, twins and also descendants of this marriage, co-founded Rome. In an argument, Romulus killed his brothers Remus, and also became the an initial king that Rome.

Romulus choose the Palatine Hill, a hill near the Tiber river for the place of the small settlement the Rome. Houses were make from wood with thatched roofs, with a palisade to safeguard the town from intruders. Romulus come from a city up-river indigenous Rome and went back to hishome city, asking those who wanted a fresh, brand-new start come come and populate his new village. Those who decided to leave through him were mainly slaves, criminals and those in debt. This developed an instant problem, due to the fact that most the those human being were men. Romulus necessary womenin order for the town to proceed past one generation.

Romulus came up through a plan to steal women from the Sabines, a group of people living ~ above a hill close to Rome. The Roman males tricked the Sabine males intoattending a party to the god Neptune (read great is incorrect),and stole the Sabine women. This women ultimately married the roman inn men. As these two societies blended, it was agreed that the king would alternating between a roman inn king and also a Sabine king, and also so the first king of Rome, Romulus to be a Roman, the second, a Sabine, the third, a Roman, and the fourth, a Sabine.

The people who influenced Rome

The Romans were influenced by other civilizations and people living in Italy. Come the north, the Etruscans had a highly progressed civilization, the an initial on the Italian peninsula. Native the Etruscans the Romans learned architecture and engineering. The Etruscans built rock temples and irrigation and drainage systems. The Etruscans, and not the Romans, designed the toga, a cloak provided for official clothing, and also gladiatorial fighting. Both of these examples were borrowed by the Romans. The Etruscans additionally believed in predicting the future by evaluating nature, something the Romans thought in as well. It was from the Etruscans that the Romans obtained realistic art.

The Greeks settled in nests in southerly Italy. Native the Greeks, the Romans borrowed the gods and also goddesses the the Greek pantheon, and learned Greek stories and also literature. From the Latins, the Romans obtained the Latin language, though rich Romans preferred to speak Greek. And also from the Sabines, Rome"s the next neighbors, the Romans learned fighting techniques and also discipline.


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Romulus and also Remus argued first over the place of Rome, and then about the walls neighboring Rome. Romulus killed Remus during the 2nd argument to end up being the an initial king the Rome

Rome under Monarchy

There were seven queens who ruled Rome in ~ the beginning of that history.April 21, 753 B.C. Is the legendary date of the starting of Rome by Romulus.At this time the Greeks were just arising out of their Dark Ages.Romulus reigned indigenous 753 to 715 BC. After ~ Romulus died, the next four kings were chosen by the Romans, the sixth, Servius Tullius,inherited the throne, and the seventh, Tarquinius Superbus to be a usurper, killing Servius Tullius to acquire the throne.

The 2nd king was Numa Pompilius, that reigned native 715 come 673 BC.Numa Pompilius wasa Sabine who gave Rome its religious ceremonies. The 3rd Roman king, Tullus Hostilius, that reignedfrom673 BC come 642 BC was a warlike king, who had numerous battles versus the neighboring peoples the Rome. You deserve to see the English word, hostile, as part of his name. Ancus Marcius, that reigned indigenous 640 BCto 616 BC, to be the fourth king of Rome. Heextended Roman region by defeating the Latins in several battles. ~ Ancus, Rome to be ruled by three Etruscan kings.

The three Etruscan Kings

Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, also called Tarquin the Elder, wasfifth king, thefirst of the Etruscan kings. Tarquin the Elder built the Circus Maximus, a chariot racing stadium. Chariot racing additionally came to Rome v the Etruscans, the an extremely best chariots racers of the old world.

Servius Tullius reigned indigenous 578 to 534 BC. Servius Tullius inherited the throne native Tarquinthe Elder, although that was not the son of the previous king. Servius Tulliusdeveloped the an initial census the Rome, a counting of citizens by one-hundreds. The more sets of one-hundred citizens an area the Rome had, the an ext voting rights they to be given. The census likewise determined how numerous soldiers each area the Rome had to send come the roman inn army.Servius Tullius had one type daughter and one evil daughter, and also there is a good story around Tullius" two daughters. The angry daughter plotted to death her father so she husband can gain the throne. The husband was the last king the Rome, Tarquinius Superbus.

Tarquinius Superbus (the proud), the son of the former king, Tarquin the Elder,reigned native 534 come 509 BC. Tarquinius Superbus was a usurper, having actually killed his father-in-law to get the throne. Tarquinius Superbus to be the last king the Rome;he and also his household were so evil that the Romans drove them the end of Rome. Tarquinius Superbus visited the Etruscans and gathered an army to gain back the throne. There are storiesabouttheRoman heroes Horatius, andGaius Mucius Scaevola, two brave Romans who risked their lives to stop the Etruscan army and Tarquinius native regaining the throne.

After Tarquinius" failed effort to reclaim the throne, a king was no welcome in Rome. We will learnabout thenew type of governmentthat come after themonarchy of Romein the following chapter.


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Remus sighted 6 vultures flying end the Aventine Hill (background), a great omen, yet Romulus sighted twelve vultures flying end the Palatine Hill, a far better omen. The brand-new settlers adhered to Romulus come the Palatine Hill, and an agrument began between Romulus and Remus.
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The Greeks settled in southerly Italy, approximately the "boot" area, if the Sabines were mountain people and also close next-door neighbors of the Romans.
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The ancient wall around Rome is well-known as the Servian Wall, after Servius Tullius, the sixth king that Rome, that is offered credit for building the stone wall bordering the expanding city.

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