On Friday, November 22, 1963, President man F. Kennedy was shot together he speak in a motorcade with the highways of Dallas, Texas; he died shortly thereafter. The thirty-fifth president was forty-six year old and had served much less than three years in office. Throughout that brief time, Kennedy and also his wife, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, became immensely famous both in ~ home and also abroad.

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President john F. Kennedy, head-and-shoulders portrait, encountering front. U.S. Marine photograph, 1961. Prints & Photographs Division.

For the next several days, stunned american gathered about their tv sets as consistent programming succumbed to non-saw coverage of the assassination and funeral. From your living rooms beer-selection.comk watched Mrs. Kennedy, tho wearing her blood-stained suit, return to Washington through the president’s body.

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The President’s Car, transporting the injured President john F. Kennedy, Speeds towards Parkland Hospital. United push International, Nov. 23, 1963. New York World-Telegram & sun Newspaper picture Collection. Prints & Photographs Division

Many saw the November 24 killing of Kennedy’s accused assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald. Viewers additionally followed the saddled, however riderless, equine in the funeral cortege from the White home to the U.S. Capitol, where Kennedy lay in state. They saw the president’s young kid step front on his 3rd birthday to salute together his father’s coffin was borne to Arlington nationwide Cemetery.

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Robert E. Lee’s Onetime Home, Arlington House, looms over the Kennedy household Gravesite at Arlington national Cemetery. Carol M. Highsmith, photographer, . Highsmith (Carol M.) Archive. Prints & Photographs Division

Television play a significant role in Americans’ collective mourning. For the very first time, the bulk of citizens observed the ceremonies neighboring the death of a beloved leader, creating a common experience the the tragedy. Also now, tv programming maintains public memory of the assassination through transmitting vivid images from those challenging days to succeeding generations.

Despite the intimate endure of events surrounding the fatality of john F. Kennedy, the country failed to attain closure. Oswald never confessed, and also the truth of the situation remain mysterious. The Warren Commission’s conclusion the Oswald acted alone fail to satisfy the public. In 1976, the residence of Representatives’ pick Committee top top Assassinations reopened the investigation of the murder. The Committee reported the Lee Harvey Oswald more than likely was part of a conspiracy that may have associated organized crime.

Interest in the assassination remains acute. Congress enacted the President man F. Kennedy Assassination documents Collection act on October 26, 1992. Signed by chairman George H. W. Bush, the regulation opened most federal government records to the public and facilitated use by designating the nationwide Archives and Records management sole repository of government files pertaining come the assassination.


On November 22, 1880, “Lillian Russell” made her debut in ~ Tony Pastor’s Theatre in new York City. In ~ weeks, the beautiful blonde added a prominent duty in The Pie-Rats of pen Yann come her phase credits. This spirited travesty the Gilbert and also Sullivan’s The Pirates the Penzance made Lillian Russell an immediate star. For the next thirty-five years, Russell maintained her place as one of the very first ladies the American music theater.

Born Helen Louise Leonard in 1861, she was “Nellie” to she family—her father, one easygoing newspaperman, her mother, one ambitious society reformer and crusader for women’s rights, and also four sisters. Trained in music and foreign languages, in the late 1870s she rebeer-selection.comated with her mommy from Chicago to brand-new York in order to receive advanced voice instruction. Soon, she met Tony Pastor, the vaudeville impresario who transformed the contempt seedy variety format right into respectable family entertainment. Having previously only made appearances together a chorus member, Nellie Leonard, with guidance from Pastor, became “Lillian Russell, The English Ballad Singer.” She was seen at Tony Pastor’s by nearly everyone in brand-new York—except her mother.

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Lillian Russell, 1861-1922. Falk, c1901. Prints & Photographs Division

“For an ext than a month I thrived in appearing in Tony Pastor’s every night, there is no my mom receiving so lot as one inkling that my new occupation. This was simpler than that sounds because mother was a liven woman…But one night at dinner I had a sudden premonition the something to be wrong. I raised my eyes and found the glance that a newspaperman who lived in the exact same house…”Mrs. Leonard,” he said, “do you understand that there is a girl named Lillian Russell, that sings in ~ Tony Pastor’s Theatre, who looks sufficient like your little Nellie to be her sister?”

Lillian Russell

Charles W. Stein, ed. American Vaudeville As viewed By its Contemporaries (New York: Knopf, 1984), 13-14.

Assured the Tony Pastor’s Theatre to be “respectable,” Mrs. Leonard accepted the newspaperman’s invite to see the show and also joined in the thunderous applause adhering to her daughter’s performance.

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listening her sing in The Pie-Rats of penn Yann, sir Arthur Sullivan pressured Russell to leaving Tony Pastor’s because that an equivalent role in the legitimate production. She refused to break her contract v Pastor. By 1888, Russell commanded $20,000 a year headlining the Casino Theatre in brand-new York City. There she took on few of her many acclaimed roles consisting of Gabrielle Dalmont in An American Beauty—a beer-selection.comation that ended up being her soubriquet.

Entering her 2nd decade ~ above the stage, Russell to be as famous as ever. Touring through the Casino agency made Lillian Russell a family members name. The rotate of the century discovered Russell older and also fuller that figure, despite still extremely paid and much in demand. In 1899, she rebeer-selection.comated away from irradiate opera and toward vaudeville by involvement Lew Fields and also Joe Weber‘s theatrical company. At the Weber and Fields Music Hall, and with your touring company, she starred in productions including Whirl-i-Gig, Hoity-Toity, and Whoop-Dee-Doo.

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“The Maid the Timbuctoo External,” indigenous by J. W. Johnson; music by Bob Cole; new York: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1903. African-American sheet MusicExternal

Whoop-Dee-Doo starred Russell together a French countess that purchases art for American millionaires. At one allude in the play she sings the Johnson and Cole tune “The Maid that Timbuctoo.” from 1901 come 1906 poet James Weldon Johnson frequently produced well-known songs v composer Bob Cole. Joe Weber and Lew areas are pictured in the top corners that the title web page of “Maid of Timbuctoo.” Whoop-Dee-Doo was the vaudeville team’s last participation for number of years.

One of America’s an initial celebrities, the general public was together fascinated with Lillian Russell’s exclusive life together they were enchanted through her phase presence. Although she solid middle-class background and lady-like demeanor assisted elevate the social standing of entertainers, Russell’s four marriages (one to a bigamist), she rumored affairs v Diamond Jim Brady and the good Sandow, and also her appetite because that food and jewelry added to she notoriety.

After marrying prominent Republican Alexander P. Moore in 1912, Russell increasingly focused on politics. She presided end the opening of gradual Party headquarters in Pittsburgh, sold Liberty bonds during human being War I, and campaigned for Warren Harding in the 1920 election.

Lillian Russell died in 1922 quickly after completing a fact-finding mission come Europe on instead of of chairman Harding. She was hidden with full military honors.