In the novel Inferno through American author Dan Brown, the acronym Saligia refers to the seven fatal sins in Latin, namely: superbia, avaritia, luxuria, invidia, gula, ira, and also acedia.

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This code was developed in the Middle Ages by the Catholic Church to warn the faithful the the hazard of the 7 deadly sins.

Also recognized as the capital vices or cardinal sins, the 7 deadly sins space a category of vices that has actually been used since early Christian time to educate and instruct Christians about fallen humanity’s propensity to sin.

They are classified together “deadly” no merely due to the fact that they constitute serious moral offences, but additionally because they spur other sins and further immoral behaviour.

The Catholic Church divides sin into two categories: venial sins, in which guilt is relatively minor, and also the much more severe mortal sins. Follow to the Church, a deadly sin intimidates one with eternal damnation.

The 7 Deadly Sins

A perform of the 7 deadly sins was created by Pope Gregory the good (540 advertisement – 605 AD) and elaborated in the 13th century through the medieval theologian Tommaso d’Aquino in his best-known work-related the Summa Theologica. It to be intended come be supplied as one instructional guide for theologians and a compendium of all of the main theological teachings that the Catholic Church.

The seven Deadly guilty are:

luxuria (lechery/lust)gula (gluttony)avaritia (avarice/greed)acedia (sloth/discouragement)ira (wrath)invidia (envy)superbia (pride)

The Italian poet Dante Alighieri explains human life together an intricate forest full of pitfalls and temptations to sin.

At the start of The magnificent Comedy, Dante the cross the selva oscura (a dark forest) and comes ~ above three wild beasts, personifications that the 7 deadly sins. The three beasts that terrify Dante are a leopard (Lust), a lion (Pride), and a wolf (Avarice), in line through the symbolism of middle ages bestiaries.

The modern-day Definitions of the 7 Deadly Sins

Lust: one intense desire. Lust can involve the intense desire because that money, food, fame, power, or sex. In Dante’s Inferno, unforgiven lustful souls space blown about in restless hurricane-like winds symbolic of your own lack of discipline to their lustful passions in earthly life.

Gluttony: consuming too much of something that can be agree in moderation. Gluttony usually refers to food, yet can also pertain to material goods. This sin can be interpreted as selfishness; essentially placing one’s very own interests above the wellness or understanding of others.

Greed: additionally known together avarice, the sin the greed is an extreme or rapacious desire for and also pursuit that material possessions. In Dante’s Purgatory, penitents space bound and also lay challenge down on the ground for having concentrated too lot on earthly desires.

Sloth: refers to spiritual apathy and plain laziness. By the 17th century, this fatal sin described was believed to be the fail to utilize one’s talents and gifts. Sloth has likewise been defined as failing to perform one’s duty.

Wrath: also known as “rage”, it may be defined as inordinate and also uncontrolled feelings that hatred and anger that frequently lead come violence. Wrath is the just sin no necessarily linked with selfishness or self-interest, although one deserve to be wrathful for selfish reasons, such together jealousy (which is very closely related come the sin of envy).

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Envy: a desire because that the possession of others, including both material goods and personal attributes. Dante defined this together “a desire come deprive other men of theirs.” In Dante’s Purgatory, the envious are punished by having actually their eyes sewn shut v wire because they sinfully took pleasure in seeing others humbled.

Pride: a feeling of superiority and also an excessive id in one’s very own abilities. This is usually taken into consideration the worst the the sins and the source of the others. According to Christian tradition, proud is the sin of Lucifer, Adam, and also Eve. Dante’s identified it as “love of self perverted come hatred and contempt for one’s neighbour.”