Have you ever before got perplexed that hay and also está both analyze into “is”? those the difference? as soon as do you use one and also when the other? just how to use them in a sentence? Is there any type of formula because that hay in beer-selection.com that can help?
If these space the inquiries you’ve been asking yourself, you will do it finally uncover out the answers.
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After reading this article, friend will never doubt again in between hay in beer-selection.com and also está. what’s more, you’ll be able to see your progress yourself by act a short quiz in the end.
Do you want to try?
Hay in beer-selection.com – The definition and Usage
Before I start explaining what hay in beer-selection.com method and exactly how to usage it, have actually a look at at this examples:
Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cat in my garden.
Hay tres gatos en mi jardín.There are three cats in my garden.
I guess you already figured the end the translation, didn’t you? Yes, hay beer-selection.com means both “there is” and “there are”.
Hay is an impersonal kind of haber (to be, come have). “Impersonal” method that that never alters no issue the gender or number of the noun that complies with it. So you have the right to forget for a while around gender and also number agreement, and also the conjugation endings and also learn the straightforward part.
In the sentences above I provided them through a singular noun (un gato), and also plural noun (tres gatos). In none of the cases, I recognize the animals that are in my garden. I merely acknowledge your existence.
If I’m no sure about the exact variety of these not an extremely familiar animals, i could also say:
Hay gatos en mi jardín.There space cats in my garden.
Hay unos gatos en mi jardín.There space some cat in my garden.
Keep these sentences in mind as I will certainly come back to them later.
Hay in beer-selection.com in different tenses
When you want to use hay in beer-selection.com in other tenses, because that example, come say “there was” or “there will certainly be”, you’ll likewise have to learn one impersonal type for every tense. No shortcut tables this time!
Let’s store it simple and stay with the cats.The preterite tense
The impersonal form for hay in the straightforward past it is too dirty in beer-selection.com is hubo.
Hubo un gato en mi jardín.There to be a cat in my garden.
Hubo tres gatos en mi jardín.There were three cats in mine garden.The imperfect tense
Hay in the imperfect tense in beer-selection.com turns into había.
Había un gato en mi jardín.There was a cat in mine garden.
Había tres gatos en mi jardín.There were 3 cats in mine garden.
If you desire to learn a difference in between the two previous beer-selection.com tenses, inspect out “Preterite vs Imperfect: A Beginner’s guide to the previous Tense in beer-selection.com.”The basic future tense
In the future simple tense, you will use habrá.
Habrá un gato en mi jardín.There will certainly be a cat in my garden.
Habrá tres gatos en mi jardín.There will certainly be 3 cats in my garden.
If you want to refresh your expertise on the future tense in beer-selection.com, check out “The Future straightforward Tense in beer-selection.com: el Futuro simple.”
Hay vs Estar – those the difference
Some beginner learners tend to confuse hay v está. It’s common if that happens, yet you can conveniently understand the difference in between these two verbs.
Let’s review it one more time. Hay in English translates into “There is” or “there are”. And we usage it come talk around the presence of other or someone.
In the sentences v Hay, the verb goes an initial and the noun follows.
Hay + noun
Then, you can put indefinite write-ups or numbers before the noun. Mind that you cannot put any type of definite post before the noun.
Hay un gato. (There is a cat.)
Hay gatos. (There room cats.)
Hay tres gatos. (There room three cats.)
Hay unos gatos. (There are some cats.)
If you desire to add the place, you have the right to put it either at the start of the sentence or at the end. Follow this sentence structures:Hay + noun + placePlace + hay + noun
Hence, you can say:
Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cat in my garden.
En mi jardín hay un gato.In my garden, over there is a cat.
Estar (to be) is a verb the you conjugate as various other verbs and its ending changes with every grammatical person. Está method “(it) is” and also están means “they) are”. We use it no to talk around the existence but the ar of human being or things.
The formula to use v estar is additionally different:
Definite article (el, la, los, las) + noun + está / están + place
El gato está en el jardín.The cat is in the garden.
Los gatos están en el jardín.The cats room in the garden.
When you situate things and object with the verb estar you know who you’re talking about, as such you usage the definite articles.
Let me present you both hay and estar in an easy dialogue.
-¿Hay una farmacía por aquí?-Sí hay algunas cerca. Por ejemplo, la farmacia “Dr. John” está en la esquina.
-Is over there a pharmacy about here?-Yes, there space some nearby. For example, the pharmacy “Dr. John” is ~ above the corner.
The first person is asking about an presence of a pharmacy. The 2nd person acknowledges the presence of some pharmacies nearby and especially locates among them.
Is it clearer now? Hopefully, yes.
Hay in beer-selection.com – usual Phrases
You can frequently come across the hay in beer-selection.com in some expressions girlfriend use practically daily.Hay que
This expression introduce obligation–One must. It can be because that the speaker and whoever accompanies that or a general obligation:
Hay que apurarnos.We have to hurry.
Hay que inscribirse antes del sábado.You have to register before Saturday.
Aquí, hay que caminar con cuidado.Here, you need to walk carefully.
No hay de que
No hay de que is another method of speak de nada (you’re welcome). Following time, when somebody thanks you because that something you have the right to use shot using this one.
-Gracias por traerme aquí.-No hay de que.
-Thanks because that bringing me here.-You’re welcome.¿Qué hay de nuevo?
Do you desire a catchy expression to greet a friend? instead of just saying Hola, ¿cómo estás? you can say ¿Qué hay de nuevo? an interpretation “what’s new?”, “what’s up?”.
-Hola Juan. ¿Qué hay de nuevo?-Hola Pedro, Nada, todo bien. ¿Y tú, ¿qué tal?
-Hello Juan. Those new?-Hi Pedro. Nothing, all good. And what about you?Hay solar / Lluvia / Nieve
You can also use hay come talk around meteorological conditions. If it’s sunny, say—hay sol. If that rainy, say—hay lluvia.
-¿Qué tiempo hace ahora en Cancún?-Ahora hay solar pero por la tarde habrá lluvia.
-What’s the weather currently in Cancun?-Now, that sunny yet it will rain in the afternoon.
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Prove you a grasp of Hay in beer-selection.com- Quiz
Let’s view if currently you recognize what hay means in beer-selection.com and when to usage está instead. Try yourself in this multiple-choice quiz and remember there’s just one exactly translation for each English sentence.