Lettuce was very first cultivated in Egypt where it was more than likely selectively bred to produce large edible leaves. It spread out from Egypt into Greece and also Italy, then throughout the roman inn Empire. There room several species of lettuce, yet the three most usual are Leaf, Head, and also Cos (Romaine).

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How lot does lettuce weigh?

Lettuce, IcebergLettuce, Butterhead, Boston, and BibLettuce, Cos or RomaineLettuce, eco-friendly LeafLettuce, Red Leaf
Head, Large755g26.6oz
Head, Medium6″ Dia539g19oz
Head, Small324g11.4oz
Leaf, Large15g0.5oz
Leaf, Medium8g0.3oz
Leaf, Small5g0.2oz
Cup, Shredded72g2.5oz
Head5″ Dia163g5.7oz
Leaf Large15g0.5oz
Leaf, Medium7.5g0.3oz
Leaf, Small5g0.2oz
Cup, Shredded or Chopped55g1.9oz
Head626g22oz
Leaf, Outer28g1oz
Leaf Inner6g0.2oz
Cup, Shredded47g1.7oz
Head360g12.7oz
Leaf, Outer24g0.8oz
Leaf, Inner4.8g0.2oz
Cup, Shredded36g1.3oz
Head309g10.9oz
Leaf, Outer17g0.6oz
Leaf, Inner2.6g0.1oz
Cup, Shredded28g1oz

Conversion from grams to ounce: 28.3495231g(rounded come 28.35)= 1 ozOunces shown are rounded increase or under to the nearest tenth of an ounce.


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What You must Know about the Lettuce

You might be see this leafy vegetable in your favorite burgers and salads for plenty of years already, yet how lot do friend know about the lettuce? You may be interested to recognize that the lettuce is in reality a member the the sunflower (Asteraceae) family. This vegetable has likewise been well known in ancient history as a spiritual symbol because that fertility. 


Continue reading this article to learn more about the interesting background of the lettuce and also its well-known uses today.

History 

The lettuce (Lactuca sativa) originated in the middle East and was an initial cultivated in ancient Egypt end 6,000 years ago. Ancient Egyptians thought about the lettuce together an aphrodisiac and also associated the vegetable v their god the fertility, Min. They even hailed the vegetable as a sacred sex symbol. As well as its religious significance, the Egyptians supplied the oil of wild lettuce seed for cooking, medicine, and mummification process. 

The old Greeks learned exactly how to thrive lettuce native the ancient Egyptians and also passed this expertise to the old Romans. In Greece and also Rome, the vegetables was supplied medicinally together a sedative, appetizer, and also sleep aid. That is thought that Caesar Augustus love the lettuce too much that that made a statue that it. 


The lettuce spread out throughout western Europe and also eastern countries throughout China with Roman invasion. When Christopher Columbus returned to America in the so late 15th century, he lugged lettuce seeds through him to plant. It was just in the 1600s that lettuce began being widely cultivated in the united States once John Winthrop Jr., then branch of the Connecticut colony, lugged lettuce seeds from England.

Where the Lettuce is Grown

The lettuce likes cool weather and also grows ideal during spring and also fall seasons in numerous countries. It demands a nitrogen-rich soil that has a pH-level between 6.0 and 6.8. It can be planted in-ground, in garden beds, and also in containers.

For numerous years, China has been the biggest producer of lettuce in the world, complied with by the joined States and also India. 


Nutrition

The lettuce is well-known to be terrific source of numerous vitamins and also minerals, such together vitamin A (good for the eyes), vitamin K (good for healing wounds), beta-carotene, folate (good for DNA production), stole (good because that blood production), calcium (good for the bones), phosphorous (good for the bones), magnesium (good because that enzyme production), and potassium (good because that muscle movement). 

According come FoodData Central, a cup that shredded Romaine lettuce might contain:

CaloriesCarbohydrates 1.5 gFiber 1 gProtein 0.6 gTotal fat 0.1 g

Varieties

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Many ranges of the lettuce were arisen when it got to the west Europe. Here are the most common so far:

Arugula. This variety originated native the Mediterranean. Its pipeline look comparable to an oakleaf lettuce however it tastes earthy and also tart. That is ideal used in bold-flavored salads, pasta, or spread. Bibb Lettuce. The second form of butterhead lettuce, this expensive range is both tiny and sweet. Both Boston and also Bibb lettuce are finest for cooking ground chicken and shrimp and also preparing fragile salads.Boston Lettuce. This is one of the two types of the soft butterhead lettuce range that has a round and loosely created heads.Coral Lettuce. This range can show up bright green, deep red, or speckled. The sturdy and crispy leaves have a mild flavor. It is ideal used because that sandwich or burgess lettuce.Cress. The cress range often grows in sandy ground and also has a peppery taste. Its bold flavor provides it ideal for salads, noodle dishes, or spring Endive. Endive is actually a chicory however this oval-shaped range with a slightly bitter taste is perfect for any kind of salad. Escarole. This chicory has actually a mildly bitterness leaf and is offered in salads and soups. Paired through beans, that is famous in Italian cuisine. Frisée. This variety has curled, slightly bitter leaves. Closely related to the escarole, the frisée is best eaten life or contempt warmed. Iceberg Lettuce. This variety looks choose a cabbage due to the fact that its pale green leaves space tightly packed. Originally called “crisphead lettuce”, that is the the very least nutritious and also least flavorful of all lettuce varieties. It is watery and also refreshing and also is well known for its usage ins salads, tacos, and fried fish sandwiches.Leaf Lettuce. This selection has crisper pipeline that branch the end from a single stalk unlike various other varieties. Leaf lettuce is further divided into three: red sheet (mild flavor), eco-friendly leaf (also v mild flavor), and also oak sheet (spicy and nutty flavors).Little Gem Lettuce. This variety looks comparable to the romaine lettuce yet with crisp and sweet leaves. It is ideal used because that salads, sandwiches, and wraps.Looseleaf Lettuce. This range has a crunchy and also mild-flavored stem and also is a great addition to any type of salad. That can additionally be provided to prepare soup and also make lettuce wraps.Mâche. Also recognized as field lettuce, this range gives a mild and also slightly sweet odor to any special chance salad.Mesclun. This is sometimes dubbed baby combined lettuce because it is a loosened mix that tender infant lettuce leaves.Radicchio. A kind of chicory, this deep-red-purple range has a bitter taste which come to be sweet as soon as cooked.Romaine Lettuce. This range – grown by the Romans – has actually a bread shape and also dark outer leaves. It has a crisp texture and its leaves taste contempt bitter. Speckled Lettuce. This selection is called so due to the fact that of the speckled leaves. The is additionally used for preparing salads.Stem Lettuce. This variety is well-known for the stalk i beg your pardon tastes like cucumber as soon as peeled. Its leaves can also be eaten just like the various other lettuce varieties.

Popular supplies of the Lettuce

The lettuce is popularly supplied in miscellaneous cuisines even throughout the old times. Today, that is widely used for the following dishes:

Salads. The lettuce is crispy and also light which makes it perfect for any kind of salad, consisting of the well known Caesar’s salad.Soup. Shredded lettuce can be used to add sweet flavor come a bowl of soup. The varieties typically used for this function are arugula, spinach, and also other varieties with darker eco-friendly color.Juice. The lettuce is created of lots of water which provides it an excellent for mix juice blends or smoothies. Lettuce Wraps. instead of classic wraps choose lavash or bread, the lettuce deserve to be provided as a perfect pave for asian fillings and tacos.

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Rice and noodle bowls. Chopped lettuce have the right to be a great addition to your rice or noodle bowl for variety.
Tags history of lettuce, iceberg lettuce, leaf Vegetables, Lettuce, nutrients of lettuce, oakleaf lettuce, romaine lettuce, types of lettuce, uses of lettuce, load Equivalents: Lettuce