Summer is almost here in Japan. Execute you know any kind of seasonal words, or Kigo (季語), for the Japanese seasons? here are 20 indigenous that define summer in Japan!


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Kigo (季語), which way seasonal words, are words supplied in Haiku to explain the seasons. Below are 20 Japanese seasonal words that explain summer.

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1. Rikka (立夏)

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Rikka is the first day the summer through the old calendar. According to astrology, it"s as soon as the sun"s ecliptic langitude get 45 degrees. Therefore, the work of Rikka changes every year. Through the way, the Rikka job of 2015 was might 6. 

2. Natsumeku (夏めく)

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Natsu (夏) means summer. Meku (めく) is a suffix which means something ending up being to look choose something. Natsumeku way it looks prefer it"s becoming summer. The word have the right to be provided when you feel summer in the air, such together the blazing sun, or a clean blue sky with fluffy white clouds.

3. Mugi no Aki (麦の秋)

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Mugi (麦) way wheat, Aki (秋) way autumn. Mugi no Aki means the loss of the wheat. This method the season when the wheat is ready to it is in harvested, i beg your pardon is during the early on summer. The is summer for people, but it"s harvest season because that wheat. Also called Bakushu (麦秋).

4. Tsuyuzamu (梅雨寒)

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Tsuyu (梅雨) is the rainy season i beg your pardon lasts from June to July. Samu (寒) way cold. Tsuyuzamu (梅雨寒) is the chilliness that originates from all the raining, even though it"s supposed to be summer and hot. 

5. Minazuki (水無月)

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Minazuki is another method to speak the month of June follow to the old calender. The Mu (無) character in words Minazuki doesn"t average anything, it"s a attributive particle. So the word Minazuki method the month the water. I beg your pardon is accurate, since June is the month of Tsuyu season.

6. Enchu (炎昼)

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En (炎) method fire, Chu (昼) means midday. Enchu (炎昼) way the midday of a extremely hot summer day. The summer the Japan is extremely hot and also humid, therefore the extremeness of the word fits. 

7. Kumo no Mine (雲の峰)

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Kumo (雲) means clouds, Mine (峰) method peak. Kumo no Mine (雲の峰) way a height of clouds. This word originates from the vision of clouds towering favor the peak of a mountain. 

8. Shochu Mimai (暑中見舞い)


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Shochu Mimai is the tradition of contacting her friends, family or loved ones to see how they"re doing with letters or gifts during the summer. There"s also a custom referred to as Zansho Mimai (残暑見舞い) wherein you contact people through letters or gifts throughout the end of the summer. 

9. Ramune (ラムネ)

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Ramune is a soda the comes in a glass bottle, curved at the neck. It has actually a glass ball organized in the middle referred to as a Bi-dama (ビー玉). Ramune is so commonly popular amongst people in Japan, it ended up being a price of summer. 

10. Amagaeru (雨蛙)

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Amagaeru"s main name is Nihon Amagaeru; Hyla japonica in English. It lives widely throughout Japan. It"s a green, and little (around 2.0 - 4.5 cm) frog. The lives around waterside tree or in the forests.

11. Sanshouo (山椒魚)


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Sanshouo, od salamander in English, lives in the water streams in the mountains. Sanshou (山椒) way the Japanese pepper tree, and also Uo (魚) way fish. The surname Sanshouo come from the fact that the odor of the salamander is similar to the one of the Japanese pepper tree. 

12. Kingyo (金魚)

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Kingyo way goldfish. Kingyo Sukui, which method to scoop a goldfish, is a famous stall at summer festivals. Friend scoop the goldfish with a net made out of paper. If you keep the net too much at bay, the file will soak up the water and also rip. You need to have ability to actually scoop one. 

13. Kaiko no Agari (蚕の上簇)

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Kaiko (蚕) way silkworm, Agari (上簇), additionally read as Jyouzoku, means to move the silkworm come a location where they have the right to make cocoons. Kaiko no Agari is usually done during the summer season. 

14. The flower of the Kuchinashi (クチナシの花)

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Kuchinashi (Cape Jasmine in English) have actually their flowering season roughly June come July. That fruit is provided for dye and also medicine. Their flower language is "brings happiness", "purity", "I to be happy", and "a love hidden in the heart".

15. Temaribana (手毬花)


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Temari, shown in the picture below, is a children"s toy, i beg your pardon is a round decorated with vivid Japanese patterns. Temaribana (Japanese snowball in English), the flower, bloom in May. They look nearly exactly like Hydrangea. Additionally called Oodemari (オオデマリ).


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16. Enishida (金雀枝)

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Enishida, Broom in English, blooms in a yellow or a dark red flower in the at an early stage summer. The Kanji that the name comes from its yellow color. The origin of the word is in reality from the Spanish native of Enishida, "Hiniesta", which readjusted gradually right into Enishida.

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17. Matsurika (茉莉花)

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Matsurika, or Arabian Jasmine in English, blooms in ~ night, and the flower can be seen till midday. Its oil is used heavily in aroma oils and perfumes. The Kanji can additionally be read as Marika. 

18. Oiransou (花魁草) 

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Oiransou, or Summer Perennial Phlox in English, blooms about July to August. It is said that the surname Oiransou come from the flower looking prefer the Kanzashi (headdress) that the Oiran. The aroma is strongest in the afternoon. 

19. The Flower of the Hasu (ハスの花)

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Hasu, or Lotus in English, blooms about July to respectable in the waters. Their underground roots are called Renkon (蓮根) and also is a popular vegetable. You probably know them as lotus roots. That is the birthday flower that July. Their flower language is "eloquence".

20. Hirumushiro (ヒルムシロ)

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Hirumushiro, or Pondweed in English, is a water plant that floats. They have actually an underground root the grows diagnostically. The grass grows from every knob that the root. They likewise have leaves that flourish underwater.