Maple Syrup

Sugar solutions or "syrups" are offered broadly in canning, and occasionally referred to as "heavy" or "light" syrups.

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The terms hefty and light are generally provided in two various methods. We refer to weight when we say that an adult is heavier than a child. On the various other hand, something else is alluded to as soon as we say that one syrup is heavier than one more. A teaspoon of hefty syrup would certainly obviously weigh much less than a gallon of light syrup, however heavy syrup is heavier in the sense that a provided volume weighs even more than the same volume of light syrup. It"s interesting that a provided volume of "heavy cream" actually weighs much less than "light cream" (in this case, "heavy" describes the thickness, or percent milk fat).

In "Molecular Gastronomy", Herve This (pronounced Thees) points out<2> that more precision is required in canning recipes. Some contact a hefty syrup 1 cup sugar to 2 cups water (a ratio of 0.5:1) while others refer to a tool syrup as 3-1/4 c sugar to 5 c water (a proportion of 0.65:1). The last is actually heavier, or denser. Which is better for canning?


In general it is not crucial to weigh exactly 1 cm3 of a product in order to recognize its thickness. We simply measure mass and also volume and divide volume right into mass:

< extDensity = dfrac extmass extvolume>


< ho = dfrac extm extV>

where ρ = thickness m = mass V = volume

Canning Fruit

The graph below mirrors that the thickness of a syrup or beverage deserve to be supplied to recognize its percent sugar. This is done frequently in the beer and also fruit juice sector, yet the dependence of thickness on sugar concentration is the basis of a rational method of selecting the right syrup complace for canning:

This notes that in heavier syrups, fruit floats, and is dehydrated by osmosis, shrivelling them up. In light syrups, fruits sink and break apart, absorbing water by osmosis. He recommends making the syrup a tiny as well heavy, then adding the fruit, and adding water until the fruit simply ceases to float.



a) Because the subcombined peach dislocations its own volume,

< extDensity = ho = dfrac extm extV = dfrac37.42 g 35.80 mL = message 1.045 g/mL or 1.045 g mL^-1>

b) The volume of the syrup must be calculated initially, utilizing the formula

< extV = ext7.00 cups imes ext240 dfrac extmL extcup = ext1680 extmL ext or ext1.68 x 10^3 extmL>

The mass of sugar is 4.00 cups x 200 g/cup = 800 g, and also the mass of water is 5.00 cups x 226 g/cup = 1130 g or 1.13 x 103 g.

So the full mass is 800 g + 1130 g = 1930 g or 1.93 x 103 g.

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Then < ho = dfrac extm extV = dfrac1930 g 1680 cm^3 >

. This is all a good factor to switch to the metric mechanism, and also cook by weights (as the rest of the people does), not volumes. Clbeforehand, it renders no sense to record the volume of sugar as 4.00 cups fairly than 4 cups!

Pousse Cafe

An after dinner drink referred to as a Pousse Cafe <5> is made from from bottom to top, red grenadine, yellow chartreuse and also green chartreusage. This deserve to be simulated by coloring sugar water of various concentrations <6> It demonstprices just how much less thick liquids float on even more dense liquids, if they"re retained from mixing by closely and slowing putting them.