Phosphorus

facet 15 of regular table is Phosphorus through atomic number 15, atomic weight 30.973761. Phosphorus, prize P, has a simple Triclinic structure and also Colorless color. Phosphorus is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Phosphorus is pentels, pnictogens*. Understand everything about Phosphorus Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Phosphorus is a chemical element with prize P and also atomic number 15. Together an element, phosphorus exist in two significant forms—white phosphorus and also red phosphorus—but due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a totally free element ~ above Earth. Rather phosphorus-containing mineral are virtually always existing in your maximally oxidised state, as not natural phosphate rocks.

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Phosphorus Facts

Read vital information and facts around element Phosphorus

surname Phosphorus
atomic Number 15
atomic Symbol P
Atomic weight 30.973761
phase Solid
color Colorless
Classification other nonmetal
team in routine Table 15
Group Name nitrogen family members
period in periodic Table 3
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p3
Melting suggest 44.2 °C
Boiling allude 280.5 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 5>
CAS Number CAS7723-14-0

neighborhood
6
C
7
N
8
O
14
Si
15
P
16
S
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive routine table


How to find Phosphorus on regular Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left to right. Periodic table start at optimal left ( atomic number 1) and also ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look because that atomic number 15 to uncover Phosphorus on periodic table.

Another means to read periodic table and locate an aspect is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Phosphorus on routine table look because that cross section of team 15 and period 3 in the modern-day periodic table.

discover Interactive regular Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Phosphorus with other elements

Phosphorus History

The facet Phosphorus was uncovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany . Phosphorus derived its name from the Greek indigenous phoosphoros, "carrying light"

Phosphorus Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Phosphorus in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 7e-06
variety in sunlight 7e-06
variety in Meteorites 0.0011
Abundance in Earth"s late 0.00099
variety in oceans 7×10-6%
diversity in human beings 0.011

Crystal framework of Phosphorus

The hard state framework of Phosphorus is Simple Triclinic.

The crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional an are to type the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
1145 550.3 1126.1 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
1.25384 1.57725 1.24896

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a referral lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the ide of room groups. All possible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional space are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

room Group name P-1
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space Group Number 2
Crystal structure Simple Triclinic

Phosphorus Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Phosphorus atoms have actually 15 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 5> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.


atomic Number 15
Number of electrons (with no charge) 15
Number that Protons 15
Mass Number 31
Number the Neutrons 16
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 5>
Electron construction 3s2 3p3
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p3
Oxidation State -3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2

Shell framework of Phosphorus - electron per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration the Phosphorus - neutral Phosphorus atom

The ground state electronic configuration that Neutral Phosphorus atom is 3s2 3p3. The part of Phosphorus configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with countless electrons, this notation can become lengthy and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is vital as that is the Valence electrons 3s2 3p3, electrons in the outermost covering that identify the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Phosphorus

Complete soil state digital configuration because that the Phosphorus atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3

Atomic structure of Phosphorus

Phosphorus atomic radius is 98 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 106 pm.

atomic Radius

98 pm (0.98 Å)

Atomic Volume 16.9905436094 cm3
Covalent Radius 106 afternoon (1.06 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 180 pm
neutron Cross section 0.18 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Phosphorus

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Phosphorus chemical Properties: Phosphorus Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity of Phosphorus is 72 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 2.19
ElectronAffinity 72 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Phosphorus

Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Phosphorus

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1011.8
2 1907
3 2914.1
4 4963.6
5 6273.9
6 21267
7 25431
8 29872
9 35905
10 40950

Phosphorus physical Properties

Refer to below table because that Phosphorus physical Properties

density 1.823 g/cm3
Molar Volume 16.9905436094 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus 11 GPa
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness the Phosphorus - tests to measure up of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Phosphorus electrical Properties

Phosphorus is Conductor of electricity. Describe table below for the electrical properties of Phosphorus

electric Conductivity 1×107 S/m
Resistivity 1×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting allude N/A

Phosphorus Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.236 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Phosphorus Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -1.13×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -3.5×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.06e-05

Optical nature of Phosphorus

Refractive index 1.001212

Acoustic nature of Phosphorus

speed of Sound N/A

Phosphorus heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties that Phosphorus

Melting allude 317.3 K (44.2 °C)
Boiling suggest 553.6 K (280.5 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies the Phosphorus

warm of combination 0.64 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 12.4 kJ/mol
heat of burning "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)

Phosphorus isotope - nuclear Properties of Phosphorus

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Phosphorus has 1 secure isotope - 31P.


Isotope Isotope fixed % variety T half Decay mode
24P
25P
26P
27P
28P
29P
30P
31P 100% secure N/A
32P
33P
34P
35P
36P
37P
38P
39P
40P
41P
42P
43P
44P
45P
46P

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7723-14-0
RTECS Number N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A
period Hazard class N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A
dot Numbers "N/A", 1338, 1381, 2447, "N/A"
EU Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A, 0, 4, N/A
NFPA perils N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
NFPA health and wellness Rating N/A, 0, 4, N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A, 2, 2, N/A
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to find the facet in various chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7723-14-0
CID Number CID5462309, CID5462309, CID123286, CID5460700
Gmelin Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NSC Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
RTECS Number N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A

Compare Phosphorus v all Group 15 elements

Phosphorus vs Nitrogen Phosphorus vs Arsenic Phosphorus vs Antimony Phosphorus vs Bismuth Phosphorus vs Moscovium

Compare Phosphorus v all other nonmetal elements

Phosphorus vs Hydrogen Phosphorus vs Carbon Phosphorus vs Nitrogen Phosphorus vs Oxygen Phosphorus vs Sulfur Phosphorus vs Selenium