facet 15 of regular table is Phosphorus through atomic number 15, atomic weight 30.973761. Phosphorus, prize P, has a simple Triclinic structure and also Colorless color. Phosphorus is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Phosphorus is pentels, pnictogens*. Understand everything about Phosphorus Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with prize P and also atomic number 15. Together an element, phosphorus exist in two significant forms—white phosphorus and also red phosphorus—but due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a totally free element ~ above Earth. Rather phosphorus-containing mineral are virtually always existing in your maximally oxidised state, as not natural phosphate rocks.
You are watching: Complete this electron configuration for p.
Read vital information and facts around element Phosphorus
|team in routine Table||15|
|Group Name||nitrogen family members|
|period in periodic Table||3|
|Block in regular Table||p-block|
|Melting suggest||44.2 °C|
|Boiling allude||280.5 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 5>|
discover our interactive routine table
How to find Phosphorus on regular Table
Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left to right. Periodic table start at optimal left ( atomic number 1) and also ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look because that atomic number 15 to uncover Phosphorus on periodic table.
Another means to read periodic table and locate an aspect is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Phosphorus on routine table look because that cross section of team 15 and period 3 in the modern-day periodic table.
discover Interactive regular Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends
Table that Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Phosphorus with other elements
The facet Phosphorus was uncovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany . Phosphorus derived its name from the Greek indigenous phoosphoros, "carrying light"
Phosphorus Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the diversity of Phosphorus in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|abundance in universe||7e-06|
|variety in sunlight||7e-06|
|variety in Meteorites||0.0011|
|Abundance in Earth"s late||0.00099|
|variety in oceans||7×10-6%|
|diversity in human beings||0.011|
Crystal framework of Phosphorus
The hard state framework of Phosphorus is Simple Triclinic.
The crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional an are to type the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cabinet is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a referral lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the ide of room groups. All possible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional space are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.
|room Group name||P-1|| |
|space Group Number||2|
|Crystal structure||Simple Triclinic|
Phosphorus Atomic and also Orbital Properties
Phosphorus atoms have actually 15 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 5> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||15|
|Number that Protons||15|
|Number the Neutrons||16|
|Shell framework (Electrons per power level)||<2, 8, 5>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p3|
|Oxidation State||-3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||4S3/2|
Shell framework of Phosphorus - electron per energy level
Ground State electronic Configuration the Phosphorus - neutral Phosphorus atomThe ground state electronic configuration that Neutral Phosphorus atom is
See more: Why Did Boo Radley Carve Soap Dolls, To Kill A Mockingbird ?
Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Phosphorus
Complete soil state digital configuration because that the Phosphorus atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Atomic structure of Phosphorus
Phosphorus atomic radius is 98 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 106 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
98 pm (0.98 Å)
|Atomic Volume||16.9905436094 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||106 afternoon (1.06 Å)|
|valve der Waals Radius||180 pm|
|neutron Cross section||0.18 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum of Phosphorus
Phosphorus chemical Properties: Phosphorus Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity of Phosphorus is 72 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Phosphorus
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Phosphorus
Phosphorus physical Properties
Refer to below table because that Phosphorus physical Properties
|Molar Volume||16.9905436094 cm3|
|mass Modulus||11 GPa|
Hardness the Phosphorus - tests to measure up of Hardness of Element
Phosphorus electrical Properties
Phosphorus is Conductor of electricity. Describe table below for the electrical properties of Phosphorus
|electric Conductivity||1×107 S/m|
|Resistivity||1×10-7 m Ω|
Phosphorus Heat and also Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.236 W/(m K)|
Phosphorus Magnetic Properties
|massive Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.13×10-8|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-3.5×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-2.06e-05|
Optical nature of Phosphorus
Acoustic nature of Phosphorus
|speed of Sound||N/A|
Phosphorus heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics
Refer come table listed below for thermal properties that Phosphorus
|Melting allude||317.3 K (44.2 °C)|
|Boiling suggest||553.6 K (280.5 °C)|
|an essential Temperature||N/A|
Enthalpies the Phosphorus
|warm of combination||0.64 kJ/mol|
|warmth of Vaporization||12.4 kJ/mol|
|heat of burning||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)|
Phosphorus isotope - nuclear Properties of Phosphorus
Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Phosphorus has 1 secure isotope - 31P.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|RTECS Number||N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A|
|period Hazard class||N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A|
|dot Numbers||"N/A", 1338, 1381, 2447, "N/A"|
|EU Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A, 0, 4, N/A|
|NFPA perils||N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A|
|NFPA health and wellness Rating||N/A, 0, 4, N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A, 2, 2, N/A|
list of distinct identifiers to find the facet in various chemical it is registered databases
|CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS)||CAS7723-14-0|
|CID Number||CID5462309, CID5462309, CID123286, CID5460700|
|Gmelin Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NSC Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|RTECS Number||N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A|