An article entitled, Ohio’s Frog and Toad Species, claims that there space 15 species in our state. To help me to discover to determine these species, I want to check out photos of all 15 on one page. Ns selected a representative photo, however be aware that there can be a many variation in color for frogs the the exact same species. Below each photo, I keep in mind the range of colors that are feasible for the species.

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Toads

The “True” ToadsEastern American Toad (Bufo americanus americanus)

The eastern American toad does differ in color. It may be reddish, gray, or tan.

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Eastern American Toad (Bufo americanus americanus)

External website describing the American toad: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Video of American Toad vocalizing: YouTube

Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

The Fowler’s toad might be brown, tan, gray, or irradiate green. Although the Fowler’s toad and the eastern American toad can be difficult to call apart, one means to differentiate them is come look at their “warts.” one American toad will normally have just one or 2 “warts” every dark spots on its back, when a Fowler’s toad will have actually three or much more “warts” every dark spot. In addition the bumps on the foot of the American Toad have tendency to be an ext pronounced than those the the Fowler’s toad.

Note that the clinical name has been readjusted from Bufo fowleri to Anaxyrus fowleri.


Photo courtesy the pondhawk, license: CC through 2.0

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Fowler’s Toad (Bufo fowleri)
External websites describing Fowler’s Toad: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

The Spadefoot Toads

Eastern Spadefoot (Scaphiopus holbrookii)

The eastern spadefoot is referred to as that due to the fact that there is a dark, tough bulge on every of that hind feet the serves together a type of spade or shovel. The animal uses the spades come burrow backwards into sand or soft soil. The Virginia Herpetological culture has contained a nice photograph of the foot in their write-up on The Natural background of the eastern Spadefoot.

There are two yellow currently on the eastern spadefoot’s back. It is the only frog/toad ~ above this page whose pupils space vertical.

In Ohio this toad mainly lives in our excessive southeast region. ODNR’s circulation maps seems to show it resident in the following counties: Lawrence, Meigs, Washington, Athens, and also Morgan. Yet in their written description of the range for this species, they likewise mention the counties of Coshocton and also Tuscarawas.


Photo courtesy that Todd Pierson, license: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

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Eastern Spadefoot (Scaphiopus holbrookii)
External websites describing Fowler’s Toad: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia


Frogs

The “True” FrogsAmerican Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

The American bullfrog’s earlier may be eco-friendly or brown.

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)
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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

External websites describing the bullfrog: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Northern green Frog (Rana clamitans melanota)

The earlier of the Northern environment-friendly Frog might be eco-friendly or brownish green. It may or may not have noticeable spots. When it doesn’t it seems ~ to have spots, you have the right to still identify it indigenous the American Bullfrog due to the fact that the Northern environment-friendly Frog has actually a ridge going down each side of that is back, if the American Bullfrog walk not.

The adult northern eco-friendly frog is between 2.25 and 3.5 customs long. It is uncovered in shallow new water. When it croaks, the sounds like a loosened banjo string. On mean they live between four and fifteen years.

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Northern eco-friendly Frog (Rana clamitans melanota)

External web page describing the green frog: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Pickerel Frog (Rana palustris)

The Pickerel frog may be tan, light brown, or olive-green. Note that the spots between the crease on the frog’s earlier have a squarish quality. A couple of photos follow showing variations in color.

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Pickerel Frog (Rana palustris)
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Pickerel Frog (Rana palustris)

External website describing the Pickerel frog: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens pipiens)

The northern leopard frog may be tan, irradiate brown, or olive-green. Note that the spots have a light-colored border. In comparison with the spots on the ago of the Pickerel frog, those ~ above the north leopard frog are much more narrow and an ext randomly placed throughout the back, while those ~ above the Pickerel frog are an ext squarish and also are lined up in two rows.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens pipiens)
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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens pipiens)

External website describing the north leopard frog: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Southern Leopard Frog (Rana sphenocephala utricularius)

The southerly Leopard Frog may be eco-friendly or brown. Uneven the northern Leopard Frog, the spots of the southerly Leopard Frog don’t have actually a irradiate border.


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Southern Leopard Frog (Rana sphenocephala utricularius)
External website describing the southerly leopard frog: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Wood frogs are generally dark brown or tan, but occasionally individuals have actually been uncovered that room a red color, orange or even pink.

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Wood Frogs (Rana sylvatica) mating; notice the difference in size and color
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Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Ohio division of Wildlife video on a spring Chorus of wood Frogs

External web page describing the wood frog: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia


The Tree FrogsNorthern spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer crucifer)

The back of the north Spring Peeper is some mix of yellow, brown, tan, reddish, or olive-green.


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Northern feather Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer crucifer)
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Northern feather Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer crucifer) utilizing its toes suckers come cling to a vertical leaf.
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Northern spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer crucifer) clinging to a leafExternal website describing the north Spring Peeper: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia (includes various other varieties of feather peepers)

Blanchard’s Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi)

It is also known as the eastern Cricket Frog. This frog might be brown, gray or olive-green.


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Blanchard’s Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi)
External website describing Fowler’s Toad: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Gray Tree FrogsCope’s gray tree frogs (Hyla chrysoscelis)

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Cope’s gray tree frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)
The Cope’s gray tree frog (above) and the east gray tree frog (below) are supposed to look essentially identical, however they are very different genetically. You could be speak to yourself, “Hey, they don’t look so an extremely identical to me.” but as discussed at the peak of this post, this is part of the typical variability in color that occurs in plenty of of these species. Generally these two varieties are gray, however they can change to green.

However Cope’s gray tree frog is only uncovered in the southern third of Ohio when the eastern gray tree frog is widely dispersed throughout the state, so if you spot a gray tree frog in the northern reaches of Ohio, it is reasonable come assume that it is an east gray tree frog.

External web page describing Fowler’s Toad: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Eastern Gray Tree frog (Hyla versicolor)

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Eastern Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor)
Ohio division of Wildlife video clip on The speak to of the Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor)

External web page describing Fowler’s Toad: ODNR | OhioAmphibians.com | Wikipedia

Chorus FrogsMountain Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brachyphona)

The mountain Chorus Frog may be light brown or olive-green.

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Window wells: because people have actually posted comments about finding small toads in their basement window wells, i looked into this further. It turns out that once the toads get into the window wells, they are trapped there and will most likely die if a human being doesn’t help them to escape. Most likely the best solution is to avoid the pet from acquiring into the home window well in the first place. You can do this by acquiring a window well cover favor this one at Amazon.com. You can also find home window well covers at your local hardware store. Another alternative that could work is putting something right into the home window well the a small animal can use together a ramp to gain out.