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the the 194 countries on Earth, 11 nations start through the letter A. A full of 11 countries and also three regions in the world start with the letter A. countless countries can trace their names to old times, and for may of them, the precise origin is unknown. Albania has a various name for those who live in ~ its borders.


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some of the sounds human beings make room universal. Follow to researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, pretty lot everyone claims ‘huh’? roughly the globe. This sound clues a concern or a minute of confusion throughout borders and is the an initial “universal word” learned by contemporary linguists.

Apart native mild, questionable grunts, what else do countless of ours languages have in common? ‘Ah’s’ and ‘umm’s’ likewise seem to optimal the list. In light of this, that is somewhat unsurprising to learn there are a complete of 11 countries and also three areas on planet that start with the letter A. Below is a fast look at wherein each nation got its name.

The 11 Countries starting with A:


The territories beginning with A:

Afghanistan

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 Kabul, Afghanistan. Image credit: Mushtaq B/Shutterstock
A landlocked nation located between Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China, Afghanistan has a name the is ancient. Words translates to “Land of the Afghans." the is said the Pashtun civilization who live in the country began calling us ‘Afghans’ throughout the Islamic period which dates from around the year 800 to 1258.

The word “Afghan” first appears in written history in the Hudud-al-Alam, a 10th-century geography book written in Persian, in 982. "Stan" way "land" or "country" in Persian. And also so, we have "Afghanistan."

People have actually lived on the land that is today called Afghanistan for about 100,000 years, and also different settlements have been uncovered from the bronze Age. It was ruled by the Achaemenids, Alexander the Great, at least part of that by the Greeks, and the Seleucid realm of Babylonia. Afghanistan passed through countless empires, kingdoms and also princedoms, consisting of an intrusion by Genghis Khan and also the Mongolians. After experience a period partially ruled by the British, it arised as an turbulent kingdom. In 1973, a military coup toppled the monarchy, developing the Republic that Afghanistan. Today, the nation still battles to discover its footing amongst civil and political unrest, war, and also poverty.


Albania

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Tirana City, Albania. Image credit: RussieseO/Shutterstock discovered in Southeastern Europe, Albania is renowned for that is beaches and also beautiful mountains. Lesser known is the reality that the nation really has actually two names. There is one that is used inside Albania, and the other, by outsiders. If you space not native there, you likely recognize this nation by simply that label: Albania. Human being living there call it Shqipà«ri, Shqipni, however.


On a useful front, that is easy to watch why the general public external Albania does not use the country’s timeless name together it’s complicated to know just exactly how to express it. Linguists say that Shqipà«ri, Shqipni has its roots in the period of ottoman rule, i m sorry took location after some Albanian people moved into Italy and Greece. "Shqip" is thought to be the original name the the people’s language. The country Albanian neighborhoods in Italy and also Greece carry out not use this name.

The word "Albania" is taken into consideration to it is in the country’s old classic name. Texts from the 16th v 18th centuries contact the nation Arbà«nà«. This native is claimed to come from the Latin word arvum which means "farmland" or "field," and also the Greek indigenous aroura an interpretation "farmland."

The soil today recognized (by foreigners) as Albania was ruled by the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, and also finally the Ottomans. V the fall of the footrest Empire, the floor it populated was separated by ambassadors native the great powers of the time such as good Britain, Germany, and also Russia, however in doing for this reason did not pay enough attention to the ethnic and also demographic realities the the area, paving the method for future instability in the an ar with the rise and also fall that the Yugoslavian state. Following human being War II, Albania to be a communist nation until 1992, and it is tho undergoing democratic reform to this day.


Algeria

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Algiers, Algeria. Picture credit: Oguz Dikbakan/Shutterstock ~ above the northern edge the Africa facing Spain across the sea, Algeria is a nation with an Arabic name. The word is accurate "al-Jazair" and means "the islands," referring to four islands that supplied to be off the country’s coast yet have been part of the mainland due to the fact that 1525. Africa’s largest country, Algeria is well-off in oil and was dominated by the French during the 19th century, after having actually been partially ruled through the Ottomans.


The French called their nest after Algiers, the city they made decision as that is capital, ~ they got into in 1830. Algeria was France"s longest-held overseas territory, and critical possession in their empire. Steady dissatisfaction amongst the Algerians because of their lack of political and economic strength grew, leading to increased autonomy granted through France as they worked to quell civil unrest. Finally, Algeria got its self-reliance in 1962, and maintains close social and financial ties with the French.

American Samoa

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Pago Pago, American Samoa. Image credit: Peto Laszlo/Shutterstock
You can not hear much about this landmass, but it walk exist. American Samoa is one unincorporated US are in the south Pacific. It covers seven South Pacific islands and also atolls, and also its resources is Pago Pago located on the island that Tutuila. Originally settled by Polynesians approximately 1000 BCE, that was first sighted through the europeans in 1722, through contact start when beachcombers and also missionaries visited.

In 1878, the United states signed a contract in stimulate to develop a marine harbour top top the islands, climate in 1899 they to be divided between the US and Germany prior to the united state took regulate of the whole area in 1900. It continued to be a strategic neighborhood for a us naval base, and also under the country"s control, despite the people of American Samoa fought for the capability to control their very own affairs. In 1977 they chosen their own very first governor, in 1981 their an initial nonvoting delegate because that the residence of Representatives, and finally their first congressman in 1988.

The indigenous Samoa is stated to average "people the the sea" yet American Samoans perform not have a consensus on this. Linguists who have actually attempted to map the origin have been met v multiple explanations because that the definition of the word, but none have proven conclusive.


Andorra

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Andorra La Vella, Andorra. Picture credit: boy name Silva Cosentino/Shutterstock If you are in search of tiny countries with several skiing, this is your spot. Andorra is a minuscule live independence principality located in between Spain and France in the Pyrenees hill range. There is some debate surrounding the beginnings of the country’s name. Part say "Andorra" originates from the Basque indigenous Andurrial an interpretation "shrub-covered land," yet others feeling the name originates from the Spanish word Andar which means "to walk." These are two of multiple feasible explanations comes from Basque, Arabic, or Spanish.


Andorra has solid ties to Catalonia, the an ar in northern Spain, and the main language talked in this small state is Catalan together with Spanish and also French. Following manage of the roman empire and then the Visigoths, it escaped the preeminence of the Arabs together it was protected by the Franks come the north. In the year 988, the floor was provided to the Diocese of Urgell by the count of Barcelona in exchange because that land elsewhere. Since then, the Bishop the Urgell has actually remained the co-prince that Andorra along with the Crown of France, and later the President.

Angola

Luanda, Angole. Picture credit: Fabian Plock/Shutterstock
situated close to the southern reminder of Africa, Angola borders Namibia, Zambia, the autonomous Republic of the Congo (DRC), and the Atlantic Ocean. "Angola" comes from the word Ngola, which describes an iron thing representing kingship in the Lunda and also Mbundu people.

It was originally the roaming lands because that noadic tribes prefer the Khoi and the San, until the Bantu migration starting around 1000 BCE. Various kingdoms and also city-states were established and occupied the floor on Angola till the come of the Portuguese. The country was conquered by Portugal for about 400 years beginning in the 1500s, up to its freedom in 1975. As a result, the is a Portuguese-speaking country, although another 46 unofficial languages are talked within that borders, largely Bantu languages.

Anguilla

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Shoal just Beach, Anguilla. Image credit: BeyondEnvision/Shutterstock
Anguilla is a British abroad Territory located in the east Caribbean. Complete of clear beaches and blue skies, the are gets its name from the Italian or French word because that "eel" in referral to the country’s long, skinny geographical shape. Known for vital salt industry before its please in the 1980s, Anguilla is a tropical paradise lived in largely by world of afri descent.

It to be not always this way, however. The nation was first inhabited by Arawakan-speaking human being from the Orinoco River container of southern America around 2000 BCE, who referred to as the country Malliouhana. Later, in 1650, British settlers from Saint Kitts came and also colonized the land, through great an obstacle as they were often attacked by indigenous people and also other colonizers. The British join the colony together with Saint Kitts and also later v Nevis, which the Anguillan people protested. Following drought, widespread poverty and also labour disturbances, the brother quickly began a procedure of democratization ~ above Anguilla and also other surrounding swarms in the 1930s. Anguilla was component of an associated state with Saint Kitts and also Nevis collection up through the brother in 1967, yet Anguillans level out refused, heralding themselves independent. This brought the return of british rule, and also today that is a politically secure British Territory.


Antigua and also Barbuda

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St. John"s, Antigua. Picture credit: Sean Pavone/Shutterstock situated in the Caribbean, this country is an independent republic country with a surname that describes its two main islands. Antigua and Barbuda is located where the Atlantic Ocean and also Caribbean ocean meet and also is a popular tourist destination with beaches, reefs, and also rainforests in abundance.


Antigua is said to be called by Christopher Columbus in 1493 after the Church the Santa Maria de la Antigua discovered in Sevilla, Spain. Barbuda was dubbed "Wa’omoni" through its original aboriginal settlers, which is believed to average "Island the Herons." the was likely Portuguese cartographer Diego Ribero who named the area "Barbuda" in the 1500s, probably referring to the country wild fig-trees, whose aerial roots make them look favor they have beards.

Like other islands in the Caribbean, the British and also French both attempted to colonize, through great an obstacle at first, v the British succeeding by the end of the 17th century. That became part of the Leeward islands colony, a team of islands under brother rule, until that colony"s dissolution. Antigua gone into into associated statehood v the joined Kingdom, through Barbuda as a suspended of Antigua. An freedom movement overtook the islands in the 1970s, and also finally in 1981 they accomplished independence.

Argentina

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Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires. Picture credit: Studio New-Art/Shutterstock


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home to Buenos Aires, the "Paris of south America," Argentina’s name describes the Latin word for silver, Argentum. Shipwrecked Spanish conquerors were given silver presents by native peoples in what to be to come to be Argentina in the 1500s. Both the Portuguese and Spanish discovered the nation was rife v silver, and the name stuck.

The soil was lived in by various native peoples prior to the come of the Europeans, such as the Incas in the Northwest highlands. It was a Spanish colony beginning in 1580, and also because that the migration of Spaniards and Italians, the populace today mostly has actually European genealogy with a smaller section with indigenous heritage. The independence movement in Argentina started in the 1800s, and they declared their independence in 1816. That took numerous years to loss Spanish royalists in the northern part of the nation who refused the self-reliance of Argentina. Today, Argentina has actually come out of political and also economic chaos from the 20th century and the start of the 21st.

Armenia

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Mount Ararat, Yerevan, Armenia. Photo credit: GaroManjikian/Shutterstock
as a landlocked nation in Eurasia v a deep history, Armenia is a previous republic that the Soviet Union and also now taken into consideration to be component of Europe, although the sits ideal on the border in between Europe and Asia and so is sometimes taken into consideration transcontinental. Interestingly, Armenians carry out not speak to their country Armenia but rather Hyastan, and also themselves Hayq (plural. Singular, "Hay"). These words hearken earlier to a individual hero called Hayk, that legend states was a great-great-grandson of Noah, native the Bible’s Old Testament. According to Armenian legend, that is the forefather the the Armenian people.

The name Armenia was provided to the soil by the neighboring states, possibly since of a people who lived in the lands, the Armens. However, various other theories exist regarding the beginning of the surname Armenia.

Armenia to be ruled by the Persians and also later through Alexander the Great"s Macedonians, the Seleucids, the Romans, the Persians and the Byzantines, however even so, the Armenians were well-known throughout those times together a fiercely autonomous and individualistic people. Their culture and language were heavily influenced by the Franks, and also later they dropped under footrest rule. Throughout this period, the Turkic Ottomans cursed a genocide that the Armenians, and the fatality count of country Armenians throughout this time is approximated anywhere in between 600,000 and 1,500,000. Castle became component of the Soviet Union in 1918. After ~ a long duration of struggle, the Armenians claimed independence in 1991.

Aruba

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Oranjestad, Aruba. Photo credit: Mihai_Andritoiu/Shutterstock situated in the Caribbean Sea, the beginnings of Aruba’s name are debated. Part say the name comes from Spanish. "Oro huba" deserve to mean "there to be gold." Unfortunately, this was not true in Aruba, together it is there is no gold and also the Spaniards did no regard Aruba as having any type of value. The surname could also come from 2 Carib native words. Ora way "shell’ and Oubao means "island."

The island was very first inhabited by the Arawaks, an Indigenous population before that was asserted by the Spanish in 1499. It to be a hub for piracy and illegal trade. That became part of the netherlands West India agency in 1636. Tiny economic breakthrough took location until one oil refinery was created in 1920, which significantly improved living standards on the island together the population saw profit. It was under the management of the island of Curaçao for lot of its background as a dutch colony, and also in 1986 it became an autonomous state adhering to protest indigenous its populace over the control of Curaçao, and also not the Netherlands itself. While it was originally on a route towards independence, the goal has actually been postponed indefinitely.

Australia

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Sydney Harbour, Australia. Image credit: Taras Vyshnya/Shutterstock recognized as the "Land under Under," Australia lies in the southern hemisphere and also is the largest nation in Oceania. Its surname is said to come native the Latin indigenous Australis which means "Southern." Australia was called by the English traveler Matthew Flinders in the beforehand 1800s.

Australia is a arsenal of previous British colonies and also is today component of the Commonwealth. Interestingly, it had actually actually been formerly named brand-new Holland by the Dutch. Before coming to be a colony, aboriginal peoples lived in the land for centuries. Britain an initial came into contact with the soil when traveler James chef arrived in 1770, and also it came to be an official colony in 1788. Together a prison colony, it was largely lived in by convicts as an alternative to funding punishment. In 1900, the six swarms of Australia became an elevation nation, however as part of the Commonwealth, they keep a attach with the unified Kingdom.

Austria

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Salzburg, Austria. Photo credit: Feel good studio/Shutterstock Landlocked in Europe, Austria is a tiny country whose name refers to the reality that that sits east of Germany. The name is regarded the old high German indigenous Ostarrichi, which means "Eastern realm," and it was supplied as beforehand as the year 996 to referral the region that bordered Bavaria.

Around the year 700, the floor was worked out by the Bavarians and the Slavs, and also there is proof of Frankish affect at that time. A family dubbed the Habsburgs ruled the area that Austria from their capital, Vienna, beginning in 1526. They also ruled Bohemia, today part of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, and Slavonia, now component of Croatia. As with many other realms throughout history, it became unsustainable because that the Habsburgs and also conflicts with various other monarchies, the industrial revolution, mobilization through the population to become much more involved with politics all proved strenuous. The people began a revolution in 1848, and Austria became a short-lived double monarchy v Hungary prior to that crumbled together well. Austria became a republic in 1918.

Azerbaijan

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Baku, Azerbaijan. Photo credit: Milosz Maslanka/Shutterstock surrounded by the Caspian Sea and also the Caucasus Mountains, the origins of Azerbaijan’s name is disputed. Plenty of think the country was named after an Iranian governor called Atropatene, who ruled over a region now located in modern-day Iranian Azarbaijan. Words Atropates originates from Old Persian and way "protected by fire."

Early residents of this area to be Iranian speakers, Turkic tribes, and Kurds and the Arabs and Persians greatly influenced the area. After ~ wars in between Russia and also Iran, the Azerbaijani had their floor divided in between the two says as lock sat between the border. Russian Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union as soon as it formed, and it remained under Soviet regulate until the dissolution.